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Thursday, June 20, 2019

Heinrich Köhler of Berks then Northumberland 1742-1795


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Heinrich Köhler was born about 1742,[i]  and died 1795 in Mahanoy Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.[ii]

      Finding the birth information pertaining to Heinrich has proved difficult so far.  Several family researchers have looked in Northumberland, Schuylkill, and Berks Counties for many years with no specific information gleaned out of many records.  It is possible that Heinrich was the immigrant, but more likely the son of the immigrant ancestor so far unnamed.  He may have been born in Berks County when the churches were just starting to organize, and records are scarce.  Several possible fathers have appeared in tax records but no birth records for Heinrich have yet proved the connection.  Additionally the variations in spelling throughout the records makes it difficult to sort out which documents belong to a particular individual.                                                                                           
       Heinrich Kehler first appears in Tulpehocken Township, Berks County records.  In church books for the Altalaha Church in Rehrersburg, Pennsylvania daughter Catherine's baptismal record is dated 1765.[iv]  This is the same church that Henry Koehler baptized son Leonard 28 August 1767.[v]     A less certain record is the marriage of a Heinrich Koeller to Elizabetha Fisher on 25 December 1763 by a traveling minister, Stoever.[vi]  Since there are several men with the given name Heinrich and similar surnames, it is not certain to be the marriage record of the subject of our study, but it appears in the same township just more than a year before a child is baptized to a woman with the same given name as appears later when he moves to Northumberland County and baptized children there.  If this is all the same man, then he may have married at age 21 so might have been born in 1742.  It is assumed that he was between 21 and 31 when he married in Berks County and he would have been 23-33 when daughter Catharina was baptized at a Rehrersburg, Berks County church.  These dates mean he died at age 53-63.[vii]

        There is a Heinrich Keiler who is taxed in Berks County as a laborer, perhaps he took work on one of the County manors owned by the Penn family or on a neighboring farm.  If Heinrich was an immigrant or an orphan, without paternal support or finances to invest in land, there might be many years before marriage and children during which time he worked as a laborer in Western Berks County.  His skills could be farming from his youth. 
In 1767 Heinrich paid taxes in Bethel Township, Berks County.[viii] 

       Because of the various spellings of the surname,[ix] the apparent lack of land purchase, and the lack of early records in colonial Pennsylvania, we cannot at this time push the line back further with any certainty.  There are several Henry Kehlers named in Berks County tax or probate records that could not be Heinrich as they continue to be present in Berks County long after Heinrich moves his family to Northumberland County.  Sorting out which, if any, early records might be the Heinrich we are studying, seems like a Herculean task.  Research energy might better be spent on lines that are verifiable with records. 

                       DNA studies of the Y chromosome of several Kehler men in 2018 have opened up further study.  Several matches to descendants of Heinrich are descendants of Kehlers who emigrated from Germany and settled in Northeastern Pennsylvania.  Research has not proved the connection with Heinrich, but it does mean that Heinrich’s ancestry is tied to the ancestry of the Kehler lines from Lehigh County.[x]  One DNA match, surname Kaylor, had one genetic distance, meaning that the men matching at that level descend from a common ancestor eight to twelve generations back.  The Kaylor match family tree has several generations in the Midwest United States but by eight generations back is descended from Hannß Geörg Köhler who lived in Heilbron, Baden-Wuerttemberg who descended from Wendell Köhler from Meiningen, Thueringen, Germany.  It is unknown where the Schuylkill County Kehler family fits into the German family tree, but it is possible that Hannß Geörg Köhler was the father or uncle of Heinrich or his father was grandfather or great uncle and definite that somehow the Kehlers are related to this line of Kaylors with a common ancestor no further back than Wendell.[xi] Unsourced family information from those Lehigh County Kaylor matches lists Hannß Geörg Köhler 1704- son of Johann Ludwig Köhler 1673-1730 son of Casper Köhler  1647-1677 son of Hannß  Köhler 1610-1683 son of Balthazar Köhler son of Wendel Köhler son of Wendel Köhler  son of Wendel Köhler.  Much research needs to be done on this line and connecting into it from Berks County Kehlers, but DNA may help break through this long time brick wall. 

       By November 1775 Heinrich and his family were settled in Mahanoy Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.[xii]  Church records list son George baptism 5 November at the Himmel’s Lutheran Church  (Heavens church).[xiii]  The tract of land is listed as "Caller's Improvement " on drafts of adjoining landowners because the warrent/survey/patent were not issued, and paperwork not complete during Heinrich’s residency.  The farm is located south of Line Mountain, Mahanoy Township,  Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.  

                              
George Peifer land survey 1794
“RG-17, Records of the Land Office, COPIED SURVEYS, 1681-1912. [series #17.114],” digital images, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Pennsylvania State Archives (phmc.state.pa.us : accessed 16 September 2017), George Peifer land survey in Northumberland County, neighbor of Henry Kehler; citing survey book A2:274, Harrisburg.



©Ancestor Encounters all rights reserved. No copies without written permission from the author.
Please credit any reference to this compilation to the author.  All publications both paper and digital are under copyright owned by the author.  Please respect this sharing of information.  ancestor.encounters@gmail.com          


The pink outline is Heinrich Koehler’s farm surrounded by neighbors northwest of present day Leck kill, Pennsylvania.  Mapping by Carol Kehler from original land grants©                                                                      

        Research was done at the Pennsylvania State Archives in Harrisburg by Carol Bowman Kehler using original land grants from the Penn family to Northumberland County warrantees.  The work took many hours in the summer of 2000.  Deedmapper software was used to create the map which is used with permission of the software developer.      
         
       Heinrich appeared in official records living on his farm in Mahanoy Township, Northumberland County.[xviii]  1790 Census does not show Heinrich in Mahanoy Township when the neighboring farms were reviewed.[xix]  He does not appear to have enlisted in a Northumberland County militia during the war.  It is likely that his personality did not go along with imposed rules based on his lack of follow through with the land patent, but it is also possible that the rural Northumberland lands were too remote for him to feel safe leaving his young family to fend for themselves.  Other residents of the “backcountry” in Pennsylvania remembered hearing that Indians would hurt their families if they left to fight and crops/livestock would suffer with the farmer’s absence. [xx]

                Heinrich’s "will" was dated 24 March 1795 and was stored at the Northumberland County Court House, Sunbury, Pennsylvania.  It was written in German and was included with an English translation in the courthouse.  The document stipulated that the family farm was sold to son George with a complicated method of payment to the siblings over time. Some county authority took the document to mean that George was named the executor of Heinrich’s estate.  The inventory taken at the time of death lists: several horses, cows, Hooghs, plough, chest, axes, howes, dunghook,  sickels, tub and churn, pans, furniture, and many items not easily read on either the German or English version.[xxi]

       13 children were listed in the document.  There was no mention of Suzanne, there is a John who could be Johann Phillip, one Catherine, one Jacob.  It was not uncommon for Pennsylvania families of German descent at the time to name children the same given name as older children in the family who had died.  It is possible that happened in Heinrich’s family.  The document was witnessed by Henry Mimyam, and Peter Keeland who were neighbors.  Heinrich may be buried at Himmel's church or on the family farm, but there is no record yet found for the location.          
                                 
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Please credit any reference to this compilation to the author.  All publications both paper and digital are under copyright owned by the author.  Please respect this sharing of information.


“Will” for Heinrich Koehler (1795)[xxiii]

“Henry Keller: Articles of Agreement are concluded on the 24th day of March A.D. 1795 between Henry Keller and his son George Keller as follows: I do give over to my son George Keller my land or plantation for which stock and all he must give or pay the sum of 35 pounds; further the said George Keller, his father and mother support and maintain as long as they live; as long as she remains a widow, either of them, and not let them want for anything; further in Regard of the payment to be as followeth: the said George Keller is to pay the first payment of the above 35 pounds the sum of 3 pounds on the 24th day of March AD 1805 to my son Leonard Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year aforesaid of our Lord 1805 to my daughter Magdalene Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1807 to Peter Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1808 to Henry Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1809 to John Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1810 to Margaret Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1811 to Anthony Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1812 to Frederick Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1813 to Catherine Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1814 to July Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1815 to Jacob Keller; and the sum of 3 pounds in the year of our Lord 1816 to Mary Keller.  Witness my hand [mark] as his last Will and Testament.  Witnesses Peter Keal and Henry Minnium...before me the Regr. of Northumberland County, State of Pennsylvania, on the 14th day of April 1795, personally appeared Peter Keel and Henry Minyam, the two subscribing witnesses to the foregoing will or instrument of writing and made oath on the Holy Envangelists of Almighty God, that they saw Henry Keller subscribe with his own hand his mark to the name, and heard him publish and Declare it to be his last will and Testament.”

Page 146 Addendum: “Be it remembered: that on the 14th day of April in the year of our Lord AD 1795, the last Will and Testament of Henry Keller, deceased, written in German language and duly proved and approved before me, of which the foregoing record is a true Translation (on the oath of James Smith as appears on the said translation) and Letters of Administration with the aforesaid Will were by me granted unto George Keller who has given surety to wit: Michael Shaffer and Henry Minyam.  The said Henry Keller by the said Will and not having appointed any Executor thereto (and Elizabeth Keller, the widow and Relict of the said deceased to whom Administration of rights belonged having previously renounced) and therefore not Accept.”                       



          Kehler farm c. 1850.  1/3 the original Heinrich Koehler farm inherited by grandson John Kehler.[xxiv]
    
       Heinrich’s son George finished the paperwork for farm ownership several years after Heinrich’s death.[xxv]  He started the process in 1802 and finished with a deed in February 1806.  George applied for 200 acres in Mahanoy Township, Northumberland County stating that the tract of land was called Paris.  The document said there were a house and barn and growing wheat.[xxvi]               
      
       It appears that for a few years after Heinrich’s death, George lived on the farm and his mother may have lived there but she does not appear in the 1800 census.[xxviii]   Alphabetical listing shows brother, John Kayler in the same township:[xxix] Between 1795-1804 George was taxed in Upper Mahanoy township, Northumberland County.[xxx]  The Kehler farm through the tax years consistently pays less tax than their neighbors either for less land or production or less personal wealth.  Starting in 1798 both George and his brother John are each assessed for half the farm (100 acres each).  Elizabeth may have died after 1800 causing George to think about selling the farm.  George finished the ownership paperwork, sold the land, and moved to nearby Schuylkill County where he is found by 1810.[xxxi]  George sold the farm in three pieces.  In March of 1806 he sold the eastern and western thirds.[xxxii]  The middle slice was sold to Heinrich's son: Frederich 87acres, who sold it to his son John Kahler in 1850.[xxxiii] It seems it was then sold to one of John's sons c.1874 and eventually passed out of the Kehler family.[xxxiv]

       George may have found that by selling the Northumberland County property, he could pay off the agreement that required him to make payments to his various siblings over the years.  By taking his inheritance and fulfilling his debt, Johan George was able to start over on his own farm nearby.  His brother Johan Philip moved to Schuylkill County as well and they were both found in the 1810 census.[xxxv]  During a visit to the land in May 2002 it was discovered that the land in Northumberland County was still a working farm.   Pictures taken that day by Heinrich’s 5th-great-grandson, Russ Kehler, show cows lying close by the original spring.  A family named Kehler lived there in 2002, but they were unaware of any connection and have just recently purchased the farm.[xxxvi]

     ©Ancestor Encounters all rights reserved. No copies without written permission from the author.
Please credit any reference to this compilation to the author.  All publications both paper and digital are under copyright owned by the author.  Please respect this sharing of information. ancestor.encounters@gmail.com


Heinrich married Elizabetha Fischer (may be accurate as their son's death information states maiden name as Philips many years later as memories fade a bit, this couple are so far the only Heinrich/Elizabeth pair married in that area at that time with similar surname spelling) 25 December 1763 in Tulpehocken Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.[xxxvii]

Children from this marriage were: [xxxviii]
               
    i.            CATHARINA KOEHLER was born in August 1765 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.[xxxix]
   ii.         LEONARD KOEHLER was born in August 1767 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
   iii.        MAGDALENE KOEHLER, was born about 1769 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
    iv.        PETER KOEHLER, was born about 1771 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
    v.         HEINRICH KOEHLER,  was born about 1773 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
        +     32     vi.         JOHAN GEORGE KOEHLER was born about 1775 in Northumberland County, Pa.[xl]
                                 +     72     vii.         JOHANNES PHILIP KOEHLER was born 1 January 1776  Pennsylvania.[xli] 
                                                              Known as John on all documents after his baptism.
   viii.       MARGARET ELIZABETH KOEHLER was born in February 1778.[xlii]
     ix.       ANTON KOEHLER was born in October 1779 in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.[xliii]
      x.       FRIEDRICH KOEHLER was born 7 January 1783,[xliv] died 19 April 1859. 
               His burial record states S/O Heinrich and Elizabeth Phillips.[xlv]
     xi.       SUSANNA KOEHLER was born 22 February 1785 in Northumberland County, P.[xlvi] 
    xii.       CATHARINA KOEHLER was born 25 August 1786 in Northumberland County, Pa.[xlvii]
   xiii.       JOHANN JACOB KOEHLER was born in October 1788 in Pennsylvania.[xlviii]
  xiv.       MARIA JULIANA KOEHLER was born in December 1790 in Pennsylvania.[xlix]
   xv.       JOHANN JACOB KOEHLER was born in 1792 in Pennsylvania.[l]
  xvi.       MAGDALENA MARY KOEHLER was born in 1793 in Pennsylvania.[li]

  ©Ancestor Encounters all rights reserved. No copies without written permission from the author.
Please credit any reference to this compilation to the author.  All publications both paper and digital are under copyright owned by the author.  Please respect this sharing of information.


[i].     Heinrich’s first child was born in 1765, so most likely he was at least 21 at the time making his birth year before 1744.  He married in Berks County in December 1763, so if he married at 21 his birth year would be 1742.  Since he does not appear in deeds while living in Berks County, he most likely lived as a laborer on a local farm to support his family or lived with relatives.  That would make it unlikely that he married before age 21 as he would have little means to support a wife.      There is an adult baptism 11 April 1764, a 22-year-old John Henry Koeler at the Altalaha church with witnesses Daniel Schneider and Adam Krigebain.  A John Kaler paid taxes in Tulpehocken Township, Berks County in 1754 and seems most likely a candidate for Heinrich’s father.
[ii].     Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book 1:145, Will for Heinrich Koehler (1795);  Recorder of Wills Office, Courthouse, Sunbury.
[iii].    Kehler photographs, ca. 1900-2008; digital images, privately held by Carol Bowman Kehler, [ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE,] Broomall, Pennsylvania, 2011.  Mrs. Kehler photographed the church in 2004.
[iv].     Frederick S Weiser, translator, Tulpehocken Church Records, 1730-1800: Christ - Little Tulpehocken- Church and Altalaha Church, Rehrersburg (Breinigsville, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania German Society, 1982), 81-83. Henrich Köhler: Catharina (August 10, 1765, sponsors Phillipp Wohlfarth and Catharina Röhrerin) and Leonhart (August 28, 1767, sponsors Leonhart Müller and wife.  The church currently stands at 111 Godfrey Street, Rehrersburg, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
[v].      John T. Humphrey, Pennsylvania Births; Berks County 1710-1780 (Washington, DC: Humphrey Publications, 1997), 186.  Mr. Humphrey was a well respected expert on Pennsylvania German genealogy, spoke for many years at conventions, researched in original records throughout Pennsylvania, was a certified genealogist and was the educational director for the National Genealogical Society in Arlington, Virginia.  His translations of German script were expertly done.
[vi].    Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever (1896; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1998), page 70. 1763 Dec. 25, Heinrich Koeller and Elisabetha Fischer, Tulpehocken marriage. Only Heinrich and Elisabeth who show in early Berks County marriage records between 1700 and 1770 when they start baptism of children at Altalaha in Berks County.
[vii].       Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book 1:145, Will for Heinrich Koehler (1795);  Recorder of Wills Office, Courthouse, Sunbury.
[viii].   Katharine F Dix, compiler, 1767 Berks County Pennsylvania Archives (Apollo, Pennsylvania: Closson Press, 1989), 15; citing Published Pennsylvania Archives, 9 series (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: State Printer of Pennsylvania, 1898), series 3: vol 18:23, Tax Lists of Berks County. 1867: Henry Kehler, Bethel Township, Laborer.
[ix].     Pennsylvania-German family names are sometimes derived from the occupation of the individual: Kohler, Koehler (coal-burner) Variations of spelling found in records:  Kaler, Cayler, Koehler, Collar, Coller, Kahler, Kueller, Kohler, Cullur, Cuyler, Cayler, Caller, Kuiler, Keeler, Keller, Kehler, Kuhler, Kayler, Kaler, Kaller, Kealer, Kiehler, Keler, Kyler, Kieler.  In research done at the Berks, Schuylkill, and Northumberland County archives and historical societies, and the Pottsville and Shamokin libraries, it takes many hours to search records with all the various spellings. Research  in Harrisburg at the Pennsylvania State Archives was done with land grants, patents, etc. and  a township map of original land grants surrounding the Kehler farm was created using Deedmapper software to depict the neighbors and possible connections for the Kehler family. 
[x].      “Y DNA comparison,” database report, Family Tree DNA (https://www.familytreedna.com/my/y-dna-matches  : accessed 12 November 2018), Kehler-Kehler, 67 markers YDNA test.  Emails with matches show no direct descendants of Heinrich or his sons, but close enough match to be related to the men linked to several Kehler immigrant brothers who settled in Lehigh County.
[xi].     “Y DNA comparison,” database report, Family Tree DNA (https://www.familytreedna.com/my/y-dna-matches  : accessed 12 November 2018), Kehler-Kehler, 67 markers YDNA test.  Emails with matches show no direct descendants of Heinrich or his sons, but close enough match to be related to the men linked to several Kehler immigrant brothers who settled in Ohio and then Michigan.  This match had a robust family tree back to Wendell Kohler.  Daniel Kaylor, Michigan [dr7kaylor@gmail.com,] to Carol Bowman Kehler, e-mail, 13 August 2017, “Kaylor genetic match on Family Tree DNA- Kaylor genetische Übereinstimmung auf Stammbaum-DNA”, Kehler DNA Genealogy; privately held by Kehler,[(ancestor.encounters@gmail.com [STREET ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE,] Broomall, Pennsylvania.  States Johanne Kohler and two brothers arrived 1767 in Philadelphia and traveled through Virginia to Ohio.  His son Henry Kaylor moved to Allegan, Michigan.  This Johannes was too late in coming to Pennsylvania to be father or brother of Heinrich, but his ancestors were related in some way.  Daniel Kaylor credits research done by a cousin, Nancy Kaylor [LDS researcher] kaylor@hotmail.com.  Waiting to hear back with her sources.
[xii].   “Pennsylvania, Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952,” images, Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com : accessed 12 November 2018), Henry Keller, 26 April 1775, Land Warrant. Henry never finished the process in Pennsylvania which requires a survey and then a patent.  He lived on the land for twenty years and when he died son Johan George Kehler finished the process in order to sell the farm and settle the estate.
[xiii].   “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013,” digital image of typescript, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : 8 October 2018), Joh George Kohler, baptism, 1775, Northumberland County; citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania;  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records; Reel: 236.
[xiv].   “Northumberland County Document Images,” digital images of handwritten index, Pennsylvania State Archives (http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/dam/rg/di/r17-88WarrantRegisters/NorthumberlandPages/Northumberland148.pdf : accessed 8 October 2018), page 151 (stamped), warrant number 91, Keller, Henry; citing RG-17 Records of the Land Office, Warrant Registers, 1733-1957, series 17.88.   200 acres at Mouth of Catawissa Creek.  26 April 1775.  No survey or patent (deed) was issued as Heinrich never followed up on his land purchase.  His son George completed the process.
[xv].   “Pennsylvania, Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952,” digital images, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : 8 October 2018), Henry Keller, Warrant Date 26 April 1775, Northumberland County; citing Warrant Applications, 1733-1952. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Archives.
[xvi].   Deedmapper software (http://directlinesoftware.com/ : accessed 12 November 2018).  Steve Broyles, Newton, Massachusetts [(steve.broyles@comcast.net),] to Carol Kehler, Broomall, Pennsylvania [(cbkehler@comcast.net),] e-mail, 2006, creator of the software gave permission to use the created maps in my family history.  Steve Broyles, Newton, Massachusetts [(deeds@directlinesoftware.com),] to Carol B Kehler, Broomall, Pennsylvania [(ancestor.encounters@gmail.com),] e-mail, 13 November 2018, software developer reconfirmed permission to use any maps created with the software including background maps for publication in my family history.
[xvii].   Kehler photographs, ca. 1900-2008; digital images, privately held by Carol Bowman Kehler, [ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE,] Broomall, Pennsylvania, 2011.  Russell D. Kehler, Jr took the picture in a visit in May 2002.          
[xxii].   Kehler photographs, ca. 1900-2008; digital images, privately held by Carol Bowman Kehler, [ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE,] Broomall, Pennsylvania, 2011.  Russell D. Kehler, Jr took the picture in a visit in May 2002.          
[xviii].   “Pennsylvania Archives,” digital image, Fold 3 (https://www.fold3.com/title/450/pennsylvania-archives : accessed 12 November 2018), Henry Kuhler, 1783/84; citing published Pennsylvania Archives, Third Series, Vol XIX, page 567, County of Northumberland, Mahanoy Township Taxes 1783/84, line 4, Henry Kuhler, one horse, one cow. Page 657: 1786 Henry Kelar.
          “Pennsylvania, Tax and Exoneration, 1768-1801, images, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com : accessed 12 November 2018), Henry Keller, 1778-1780.
[xix].   "United States Census, 1790," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHKR-KCG : accessed 13 November 2018), Valentine Rebough, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, United States; citing p. 88 (penned), NARA microfilm publication M637, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 9; FHL microfilm 568,149.  Valentine Rebough was a neighbor.  Page by page search throughout township: NIL.
[xx].   Gregory T. Knouff, "An Arduous Service": The Pennsylvania Backcountry Soldiers' Revolution,” Pennsylvania History, Volume 61, Number 1 (January 1994):45; image copy, Penn State University Library Online (https://journals.psu.edu/phj/article/viewFile/25116/24885 : accessed 13 November 2018).  Militia did not attract service in the back country [like Kehler’s] as they were told that Indians would attack the family without protection if men left to fight in the east, crops and farm occupations and care of livestock would suffer, some who had joined were shipped to far off locations and it was not seen as service to protect their neighborhoods.  Instead many stayed home and supported within the community.
[xxi].   Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book 1:145, will for Heinrich Koehler, 1795; Recorder of Wills Office, Courthouse, Sunbury, Pennsylvania. 
[xxiii].   Ibid.  This is not considered a true will, but a real estate transfer to one heir.  14 April 1795,  21 May 1796.  File 16  A copy is in the possession of Carol Kehler, Broomall, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 2014.  The Courthouse lost the "C" box of Orphan's Court records as of spring/summer 2003.  The Recorder of Deeds insists that we did not view a true will filed in the basement of the courthouse in the boxes for orphan’s court and that it would not have been filed under the letter C.  We checked the K box and it is not there, there is nothing in the register of wills, and the box that we originally saw labeled C is still missing. 
[xxiv].   Map of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania : from actual surveys by G.M. Hopkins, Jr., Civil Engineer (Chillisquaque, Pennsylvania : J.A.J.Cummings, 1858); digital image, Library of Congress (https://www.loc.gov/resource/g3823n.la000780/?r=0.353,0.783,0.28,0.206,0  : accessed 26 September 2018); Library of Congress Control Number 2006629792.  Now: 2926 Line Mountain Rd (Route T389) Dornsife, Pa 17823. 40.727773, -76.658888.
[xxv].   PA Archives 3rd XXV Land Warrant #386 for Northumberland County Survey 21 April 1802 George Kealor, farmer.  Returned 6 Feb 1806. George Kealor applied for 200 acres in Mahanoy Township, Northumberland County stating that the tract of land called Paris was first improved in 1788 and that people are living on the land in 21 April 1802.  Land joins Henry Mimian, Andrew Giest, and John Copenhaver.  The document said George built a house and barn and raises wheat.  Warrant: 21 April 1802  # 386, Survey 24 Aug 1802 219 acres C-97:207.  Return 6 February 1806. Patent book P-57:252  After Heinrich's death, son George (who had moved into nearby Schuylkill County) sold the farm in three pieces.  The middle slice was sold to Heinrich's son  Frederick.
[xxvi].   Ibid.
[xxvii].   "Northumberland County Warrant Register Pages," Pennsylvania State Archives Online (http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/dam/rg/di/r17-88WarrantRegisters/NorthumberlandPages/Northumberland148.pdf : accessed 29 August 2011) citing: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Bureau of Archives and History. Pennsylvania State Archives file RG-17 Records of the Land Office Warrant Registers, 1733-1957. [series #17.88]  Henry Keller 26 April 1775, 200 acres at Mt. and Catawissa Creek.  No Patent or Survey done on this Warrant.
          "Northumberland County Warrant Register Pages," Pennsylvania State Archives Online (http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/dam/rg/di/r17-88WarrantRegisters/NorthumberlandPages/Northumberland155.pdf : accessed 29 August 2011)  citing: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Bureau of Archives and History
          Pennsylvania State Archives file RG-17 Records of the Land Office Warrant Registers, 1733-1957. [series #17.88]  George Kealor 200 acres
          "Northumberland County Patent Register Pages," Pennsylvania State Archives Online (http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/dam/rg/di/r17PatentIndexes/P1800-1809PatentIndex152.pdf : accessed 29 August 2011). citing: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Bureau of Archives and History Pennsylvania State Archives file RG-17 Patent Index, P SERIES (P-44 to P-65), volume 4, 1800-1809. {series #17.154}  George Kealor 200 acres in Mahanoy Township, warrant 21 April 1802, return 6 February 1806.
          "Northumberland County Survey Register Pages," Pennsylvania State Archives Online
          http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/dam/rg/di/r17-114CopiedSurveyBooks/Books%20C1-C234/Book%20C097/Book%20C-097%20pg%20413.pdf : accessed 29 August 2011). citing: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Bureau of Archives and History Pennsylvania State Archives file RG-17 Copied Surveys, 1681-1912. [series #17.114]
          C97:207 George Kealor 219 acres survey 24 August 1902.
[xxviii].   1800 U.S. Federal Census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Mahanoy Township, page 707 (penned), line 12, George Kaylor household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 August 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M32, roll 37. 1 male 26-45, 2 fem under 10, 1 fem 16-26, 1fem 26-45.
[xxix].   1800 U.S. Federal Census, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Mahanoy Township, page 707 (penned), line 11, John Kaylor household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 August 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M32, roll 37. 1 male 16-26, 1 fem under 10, 1 fem 16-26.  Mother Elizabeth not living in either son’s household in 1800.
[xxx].   Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, “Tax records, 1774-1843,” digital images, FamilySearch (www.familysearch.com : accessed 13 November 2018), Henry, George and John Kehler entries, 1791-1803, Upper Mahanoy township; citing original tax record book, Courthouse Archives, Sunbury. 18 June 1791, Henry Kehler, image 687/788; 1792, Henry Kehler, image 696/788; 1793, Henry Kheler, image 701/788; 24 February 1795, Henry Kheler, image 708/788. Final Henry entry.  11 January 1797, George Kealer, image 715/788; 1798, George Keler and John Keler, image 721/788; 1799, George and John Koler, image 728/788; 1800, George and John Koeler, image 743/788 (both are assessed for 100 acres each plus cows and horses); 1801, George and John Koehler, image 751/788; 1802, image 761/788; 1803, George Kealor, 100 acres and John Kealor, 80 acres, image 776/788.  DGS Film 008248936 and FHL film 1449344.  1804 starts on film 1449345 not online.
[xxxi].   1810 U.S. Federal Census, Berks County, Pennsylvania, Upper Mahantongo Township, page 826 (penned), line 20, George Kailer household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 30 August 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M252, roll 45.
[xxxii].   Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deeds, U:641, George Keler and wife Catherine to Michael Brown, 22 March 1806; Register of Deeds, Sunbury. 100 acres for 200 pounds, recorded 22 June 1822.
          Northumberland County, Pennsylvania,  Deeds, Q:346, George Keler and wife Catherine to Andrew Oxenreider, 22  March 1806; Recorder of Deeds, Sunbury. 40 Acres.
[xxxiii].   Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deeds, HH:61, Frederich Kehler to son, John Kehler, 22 April 1850; Recorder of Deeds, Sunbury. 87acres. Deed mentions land transfer from George Kehler to brother Frederich, 22 March 1806 but does not state a Deed book reference suggesting it was never recorded at the county in 1806.
[xxxiv].   Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deeds, 88:527, John Kahler and wife Rachel to John B Kahler, 18 March 1884; Register of Deeds, Sunbury.  Upper Mahanoy Township.
          Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deeds, 151:704, John Kehler and wife Rachel to Elias Kehler, 18 Sept 1874; Register of Deeds, Sunbury.  Upper Mahanoy Township.  The deeds for the two sons of John and Rachel must be viewed in Sunbury to discover which son inherited the Heinrich Kehler property which was then sold out of the Kehler family after 1900.
          Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deeds, 126:529, John B Kahler and wife Sarah A to Susannah Schurtz, 6 December 1899; Register of Deeds, Sunbury.  Upper Mahanoy Township.  And they sold several other properties c. 1909-1910.
          Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Deeds, Grantor Index K: 89, image 107/892, digital image, Family Search (www.familysearch.com : accessed 13 November 2018), Kehler land transfers in Upper Mahanoy, Northumberland.
          Northumberland County: No Koehler Grantees 1772 to 1914 "K", No Grantors.
[xxxv].   1810 U.S. Federal Census, Berks County, Pennsylvania, Upper Mahantongo Township, page 826 (penned), line 21, John Kailer household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 30 August 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M252, roll 45.
[xxxvi].   Knowledge of author, Carol Bowman Kehler who took pictures during the visit and spoke with the new farm owner who gave permission to walk the land and take pictures. 
[xxxvii].   Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever (1896; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1998), page 70. 1763 Dec. 25, Heinrich Koeller and Elizabetha Fischer, Tulpehocken marriage. These are the only Heinrich and Elisabeth who show in early Berks County marriage records between 1700 and 1770 when they start baptism of children at Altalaha in Berks County.  May/may not be the same couple.
[xxxviii].   Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book 1:145, will for Heinrich Koehler, 1795; Recorder of Wills Office, Courthouse, Sunbury, Pennsylvania.  Heinrich Kohler’s children were named, it seems, in birth order and no existing baptism records for Mary, Peter, and Heinrich have been found, the approximate birth dates are listed in Berks County before the family moved to Northumberland.  In 1795 only 13 children are mentioned in the document that served as Heinrich’s will.  It is possible that some children were just not named, however more likely as two names are repeated in the births that Catherine baptized in Berks county in 1765 died as her name was repeated (a common German family practice) in 1786.  Jacob born in 1778 most likely died as his name was repeated in 1792.  There is no mention in her father’s will of Susanna born in 1785.  She also most likely died before the writing of the will in 1795.
[xxxix].   Frederick S Weiser, translator, Tulpehocken Church Records, 1730-1800: Christ - Little Tulpehocken- Church and Altalaha Church, Rehrersburg (Breinigsville, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania German Society, 1982), 81-83. Henrich Köhler: Catharina (August 10, 1765, sponsors Phillipp Wohlfarth and Catharina Röhrerin) and Leonhart (August 28, 1767, sponsors Leonhart Müller  and wife.  The church currently stands at 111 Godfrey Street, Rehrersburg, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
[xl].   John H. Carter, compiler, The Himmel Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1999 ), 85.  1775 Hen. Kohler and wife Elisabeth a son, Joh. George born 22 September, baptized 5 November. Sponsors G. Hen. Kaufman and Maria Reitzen, single.
[xli].   John H. Carter, compiler, The Himmel Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1999 ), 86.  1775 Henrich Kohler and wife Elisabeth, Johannes Philipp born 31 December 1776, baptized 9 May. Sponsors: Johannes Pfeiffer  and wife M. Bar.
[xlii].   Jack L Pensyl and Charlotte D Walter, compilers, The Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, Rebuck, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1774-1846 (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1996), 4. 1778 missing from original document.
[xliii].   John H. Carter, compiler, The Himmel Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1999 ), 87.  1780 Heinri. Kohler and wife Elisabeth, Anton. born 24 October, baptized 4 March. Sponsor: Heinr. Minjam.
[xliv].   John H. Carter, compiler, The Himmel Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1999 ), 89.  1783 Henr. Kohler and wife Elisabeth, a son, Friederich born 7 January, baptized 9 May. Sponsors G. Pfeiffer and wife Magdal.
[xlv].   According to two abstracts: Northumberland County, Pennsylvania burials (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, ) Vol III: 220.
  Baptism Record for Himmel's Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, ) 63.
Information about Friedrich sheds light on Kehler research.  His burial record states mother's maiden name, Phillips (sic?) and his children inherited what was originally Heinrich Kehler's farm. 
Friedrich2 Koehler, son of Heinrich was born 7 January 1783 in Mahanoy Township, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, and died 19 April 1859 in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.  He married Catharina Geist. 
Baptism: 09 May 1783, Himmel's Church (Rebuck), Northumberland, Pennsylvania.  Godparents: G. Pfeiffer and wife Magdal.
Burial: Burial listed as s/o Heinrich and Elizabeth Phillips
Tax: 1806, Mahanoy Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania
Children of Friedrich Koehler and Catharina Geist are:                 i.              John3 Koehler,        ii.             George Koehler,      iii.            Jacob Koehler,         iv.            Charles Koehler,      v.             Polly Koehler,         vi.            Andrew Koehler,     vii.           Lydia Koehler,         viii.      Peter Koehler.
[xlvi].   John H. Carter, compiler, The Himmel Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1999 ), 92.  1785 Elders Henrich Koler and his lawful wife, Elisabeth, a daughter Susanna, born 22 February, baptized 14 August. Sponsors: John George Schafer and Susanna Pfeiffer, single.  Several Pfeiffer family members stood as sponsors in the Northumberland baptisms.  Could the surname Fisher for Elizabeth that was also listed as Phillips in her son Frederick’s burial record really have been Pfeiffer?
[xlvii].   John H. Carter, compiler, The Himmel Church (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1999 ), 93.  1786 Elders Henrich Koler and his lawful wife, Elisabeth, a daughter Catherina, born 25 August, baptized 17 September. Sponsor: Susanna Pfeiffer, single. 
[xlviii].   Jack L Pensyl and Charlotte D Walter, compilers, The Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, Rebuck, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1774-1846 (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1996), 11. Johann Jacob Kohler, 1788.
[xlix].   Jack L Pensyl and Charlotte D Walter, compilers, The Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, Rebuck, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1774-1846 (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1996), 12. Maria Julianna Kohler, 1790.
[l].   Jack L Pensyl and Charlotte D Walter, compilers, The Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, Rebuck, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1774-1846 (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1996), 13. Johann Jacob Kohler, 1792.
[li].   Jack L Pensyl and Charlotte D Walter, compilers, The Baptismal Records of Himmel's Union Church, Rebuck, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 1774-1846 (Sunbury, Pennsylvania: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1996), 15. Magdalena Kohler, 1793.


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